Change the mode of economic development is the development direction of China's textile industry
According to the 2010 government work report, it is necessary to focus on eight aspects of this year's work. One of them is "to speed up the transformation of the economic development mode and to adjust and optimize the economic structure." According to the report, "transforming the economic development mode is imperative." In this regard, the CPPCC National Committee members, China Textile Industry Association Wang Tiankai also deeply touched: "This is the next step in the development of China's textile industry."
Structural Adjustment: Economic and Administrative "Two-handed Push"
Reporter: The structural adjustment of the textile industry has been going on for many years. How successful are you?
Wang Tiankai: In recent years, remarkable achievements have been made in structural adjustment of China's textile industry, which have provided motivation and support for the industry to shake off the impact of the financial crisis and have stabilized and picked up. It has also laid the foundation for future sustainable development. However, the contradictions and problems caused by the long-term accumulation of the textile industry with large scale, small and medium-sized enterprises, lack of independent innovation capability, lagging construction of independent brands and unsound industrial layout have not yet been completely solved. To further speed up industrial restructuring is still the transformation of the textile industry in its development mode , The key to achieving the goal of a textile power.
Reporter: We know that textile and garment are highly market-oriented industries. How does the government guide the adjustment?
Wang Tiankai: Structural adjustment is mainly driven by the efforts of the industry under the action of the market mechanism. It also urgently needs the relevant macro-control policies and industrial policies of the state to play an active role in guiding and boosting the economy. In the process of transforming the mode of economic development, I think that enterprises, industries and the government should work together. In particular, the government should further strengthen its system planning and promote it with economic, administrative and legal measures so as to create a favorable environment for structural adjustment.
Rejuvenation plan: the beginning of three functions
Reporter: As we all know, the "textile industry restructuring and revitalization plan" introduced more than a year, what is reflected in the industry?
Wang Tiankai: I think "planning" has played a significant role in at least three aspects: First, the textile industry is positioned as a traditional pillar industry, an important livelihood industry, and an industry with international comparative advantages. I think this is a very important position Correctly, they unified their thinking in the industry, boosted their confidence and gained more understanding outside the industry. Second, they put forward eight key directions for structural adjustment and specified where the industry will focus its efforts in the next few years. Thirdly, Accelerate the project put into a number of energy-saving emission reduction as well as a significant demonstration of the restructuring of the industry.
Reporter: This "plan" fully implemented, will not be easy?
Wang Tianyai: "Planning" plays an important guiding and promoting role for the textile industry to achieve "maintaining growth and adjusting structure" under the financial crisis. However, some policies and measures lack the overall deployment, the role of inadequate implementation is not in place, and other issues Need to further study. Textile industry is a relatively low concentration of industries, businesses are more scattered, the country invested more than one billion yuan and dozens of projects we do, to solve the structural adjustment of the entire industry, there will be some difficulties.
Independent Innovation: Call for Special Funds
Reporter: In your "Proposal on Further Creating a Policy Environment for Accelerating the Structural Adjustment of the Textile Industry", you have repeatedly suggested that the state should invest more special funds.
Wang Tianyai: To enhance the capability of independent innovation is the core of the textile industry to speed up structural adjustment. In recent years, the state's special funds have played a positive role in accelerating key technological breakthroughs in key areas such as new fibers and new textile machinery. Therefore, it is recommended that we continue to support innovative breakthroughs in the textile industry in key areas such as high-performance fibers, industrial textiles, dyeing and finishing technologies, and new complete sets of equipment through special funds and interest-subsidized loans. Through the matching financing, taxation, human resources and intellectual property rights Policies in support of the textile industry independent innovation system for independent innovation industry to create good conditions.
Reporter: Many textile and garment enterprises in the technical input is far from enough.
Wang Tianyai: Speeding up the implementation of technological transformation is an important way to comprehensively upgrade the technical and textile equipment of the textile industry and promote industrial upgrading. However, the textile industry is dominated by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and the lack of funds has restricted the investment in technological transformation of enterprises. The national investment in technological upgrading of the industry is also small and the coverage is very limited. I propose to increase the special funds invested by the financial departments at all levels for the technological transformation of the textile industry, optimize the distribution and use of funds, further implement the various policies for improving the financing of SMEs, solve the problem of shortage of funds for technological transformation of textile enterprises through various channels, and set up special supportive industries Public service platform for SMEs to promote universal practical practical key technologies.
Reporter: In the process of eliminating backward production capacity, the industry will experience a lot of "pain", how to alleviate this "pain"?
Wang Tianyai: Speeding up the elimination of backward production capacity is one of the important tasks in the structural adjustment of the textile industry. While comprehensively pushing forward the relevant requirements of the state, we must give full consideration to the fact that the textile industry is a marketization-oriented industry, and at the same time, take the livelihood of both absorbing employment and satisfying multi-level domestic needs. Suggestions to eliminate backward production capacity to economic and legal means, supplemented by the necessary supervision and inspection and other administrative measures; policies and measures should be implemented to promote the rhythm and intensity, to avoid affecting employment and social stability.
Brand building: looking forward to more policy support
Reporter: At present, no matter in the domestic market or in the international market, the proportion of independent brands in China's textile industry is still relatively low. How to change the status quo?
Wang Tianyai: Textile industry, a large proportion of manufacturing and processing, research and development capabilities and marketing mechanisms are relatively weak, the cost of developing their own brands are relatively high. Speeding up the construction of self-owned brands is an important part of the textile industry in opening up two markets and realizing industrial upgrading. To speed up this construction, we must first guide our policies and encourage policies on exports of our own-brand products. We can give greater preferential policies to these products. There must be some substantive advances from the mechanism, system and policy support.
Reporter: Yes, many enterprises are looking forward to "substantive" policy support.
Wang Tianyai: Although the "textile industry restructuring and revitalization plan" as its priority task, but so far there is no implementation of the policies and measures to be implemented to promote. Therefore, it is hoped that the strategy of independent brand development for the textile industry will be detailedly planned and various measures such as finance, taxation, credit, quality inspection, industry and commerce, intellectual property rights and human resources will be coordinated and coordinated so as to create an external environment conducive to the growth of independent brands and substantively promote autonomy Brand building work.
Reporter: Last year, the Ministry of Industry and Information and other seven departments jointly issued the "Guidance Opinion on Accelerating the Construction of Apparel and Home Textiles Independent Brands" proposed to give "Five Excellent" to its own brands: preferential access, preferential OTC, priority publicity, priority sales, Priority settlement.
Wang Tianyai: The guiding significance of this "Opinion" is undoubtedly good, but the actual results are still not well evaluated at present and the concrete implementation is not too easy. Or we should seize the weakest point of brand building. Therefore, I still emphasize that we should explore institutional improvements that are conducive to the promotion of our own textile brands as soon as possible and encourage them on the policy.
Industrial Transfer: Comprehensive and Overall Planning is Imperative
Reporter: You proposed in the proposal to optimize the layout of the textile area.
Wang Tianyai: Industrial transfer is an important way to optimize the layout of textile regions. In recent years, with the promotion of market mechanism, the shift of the textile industry to the central and western regions has become increasingly evident. However, due to the lack of overall policy deployment and guidance, the transfer process has been affected to a certain extent. Therefore, it is suggested to comprehensively plan and deploy the transfer of the textile industry, strengthen the encouragement and guidance through preferential policies on taxation, financing, land use and financial support, and adopt various forms to build an exchange platform to promote industrial docking between the eastern and central and western regions .
Reporter: Industrial transfer process should pay attention to what?
Wang Tianyai: Coastal industries to the Midwest to speed up the transfer in 2009, the statistics show that the five central provinces (except Shanxi), the overall rate of investment and sales growth is very fast. I think that the current mainstream of industrial restructuring in the region is good, not to say that the coastal areas have all moved backward equipment to the central region. Both the government and the enterprises in the central region are very clear and will never accept pollution or backwardness. The key now is to make further planning and giving full play to its local advantages. In the new round of transfer and development, we should think in the long run.
Institutional innovation: the only way for textile power
Reporter: During the meeting, you repeatedly mentioned the institutional innovation.
Wang Tianyai: Institutional innovation, the importance of this issue is higher than other issues. To take the road to becoming a powerful country, China's textile industry must first make breakthroughs in innovation in the system. It needs to coordinate with a series of changes in the mode of production and trade, change from a production and trade type to a production and service trade type, and make an issue around the concept of consumption. In this process, we have made the exploration and breakthrough of the marketing system even more arduous and important. It is very difficult for the system innovation to be accomplished solely by the entrepreneurs. We need the government or the industry to jointly explore together.
Reporter: For the textile industry, what are the specific tasks for promoting innovation?
Wang Tianyai: The textile industry is now urgently needed to do two things: First, do a good job in market structure and product structure adjustment, improve internal strength, and comprehensively improve the management level. Second, we should promote the overall improvement of the industry in many aspects. These include: optimizing the public service platform for SMEs in light of local conditions; focusing on a group of enterprises that have the capacity for independent innovation; focusing on system innovation and model innovation; The backbone enterprises; make the best use of the situation, orderly promote the textile industry restructuring.